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如果某人哮喘发作,你应该做这些事

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World Asthma Day is celebrated on the first Tuesday of May every year. Established in 1998 by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA), the day is dedicated to raising awareness about the disease in the hope that the estimated 235 million sufferers worldwide continue to receive the most advanced treatment and care they possibly can.
每年5月的第一个周二是世界哮喘日。全球哮喘防治创议(GINA)于1998年设立世界哮喘日,致力于提高人们对哮喘病的认知,希冀世界范围内2.35亿患者能尽可能的继续接受最先进的治疗和护理。
The chronic lung disease, which can cause wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing, is most prevalent in children and occurs in all countries regardless of level of development, making it a burden to millions of families and individuals throughout a lifetime. This is what you should do if someone is having an asthma attack.
慢性肺病可能引起喘息、呼吸困难、胸闷和咳嗽,在儿童中最为常见。无论一个国家发展程度如何,这种疾病都会存在,成为千百万家庭和个人的一生负担。如果有人哮喘发作,你应该做这些事。
Despite there being no cure for asthma, raising awareness through World Asthma Day can encourage regular treatment and keep the symptoms under control. This year marks the 20th World Asthma Day and the theme is 'Never too early, never too late'. 'It's always the right time to address airways disease'.
尽管哮喘无法治愈,但世界哮喘日提高了人们的认知、鼓励人们定期治疗、控制哮喘症状。今年是第二十个世界哮喘日,主题为'重视气道疾病防治:从现在开始'。
如果某人哮喘发作,你应该做这些事.jpgThe aim is to motivate both patients and healthcare providers to evaluate the symptoms of asthma regularly and actively in order to live a healthy life. While the symptons are largely known, people can be often unsure about how to react in case of an attack.
旨在激励患者和医疗保健提供者积极的定期评估哮喘症状,以期过上健康生活。虽然很多症状都已被知晓,但人们还是不确定哮喘发作时应做何举措。
If you or someone you know is an asthma sufferer, it is essential that you are prepared and well equipped to handle an attack. As there are two possible scenarios when having an attack (either you have your inhaler with you or you don't) below is a guide on how to react in each instance.
如果你或者你认识的人患有哮喘,那么做好准备,知道如何应对哮喘发作是很重要的。哮喘发作可能有两种情况(要么带了吸入器,要么没有),继续读下去,看看如何应对每一种情况吧。
WITH your inhaler.
带了吸入器。
1. Sit upright and don't lie, and take slow steady breaths.
1. 坐直,不要躺下,缓慢的呼吸。
2. Take one puff of your reliever inhaler (usually blue) every 30 to 60 second, up to a maximum of 10 puffs. And try to remain as calm as possible as panicking will only affect your breathing more.
2. 每隔30至60秒吸一次吸入器(通常是蓝色的),最多吸10次。同时尽可能的保持冷静,因为恐慌只会扰乱你的呼吸。
3. Call 999 for an ambulance if you feel worse despite using your inhaler or you're worried at any point.
3. 如果用完吸入器之后感觉不舒服,或者有其它顾虑,那就打电话给999呼叫救护车。
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control [kən'trəul]
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n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制
 
prevalent ['prevələnt]
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adj. 流行的,普遍的
联想记忆
global ['gləubəl]
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adj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
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initiative [i'niʃətiv]
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adj. 创始的,初步的,自发的
n. 第一步
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address [ə'dres]
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n. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧
 
tightness ['taitnis]
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n. 紧密,坚固
 
awareness [ə'wɛənis]
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n. 认识,意识,了解
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upright ['ʌp'rait]
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adj. 正直的,诚实的,合乎正道的
 
theme [θi:m]
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n. 题目,主题
 
handle ['hændl]
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n. 柄,把手
v. 买卖,处理,操作,驾驭
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