In the superhero world, Matt Murdock, who was blinded by radioactive waste as a child, developed a superhuman ability to sense using sound waves and became the superhero Daredevil.
This gives Daredevil a 360-degree field of 'vision', allowing him to precisely locate objects or people in all directions, an obvious advantage over normal vision.
Matt Murdock's ability may not be too far from reality as humans can also learn to use echolocation.
Bats use echolocation to see in the dark and hunt at night. They emit a very high frequency sound and listen for the echo that bounces off objects. The difference in time between emitting the sound and hearing the echo allows the bat to build up a mental 'picture' of its environment.
2. Magnetic Sense
The X-Men's arch-villian Magneto can sense and manipulate magnetic fields with his mind.
Some animals have a similar magnetic sense known as 'magnetoreception' that they use to navigate and orient themselves.
For example, homing pigeons are able to navigate back to their home lofts when visual cues are missing but can't do so when magnets are nearby. This suggests that they may use the Earth's magnetic field to navigate.
The ability to shape-shift and mimic the form of others is a formidable power for a superhero or villain – and has been used by X–Men's Mystique on many occasions to lure and manipulate her foes.
The mimic octopus can alter its color, behavior, shape and texture to mimic a diverse range of species, with at least 13 examples recorded so far including sea snakes, jellyfish and sea anemones.
4. Absorbing Powers
The ability to steal the superpowers of another individual is surely the ultimate power, enabling you to have any power in existence.
X–Men's Rogue has the incredible ability to absorb superpowers of anyone she touches – but so do the Pitohui birds of New Guinea (well, almost).
The feathers and skin of Pitohui contain a noxious substance, making them possibly the only poisonous birds in the world and giving them defence against predators. But the birds don't appear to be able to produce the toxic substance directly. Instead, they acquire it by eating Melyrid beetles.
5. Chemical Weapons
Bombardier beetles are noted for their unique defence mechanism that enables them to produce acid gas bombs to deter predators such as ants. In extreme cases they may bombard predators with a lethal dose of these chemical bombs that they kill them.
And the superheroes Anarchist and Zeitgeist (members of X Force) both have acid generation powers.
Anarchist secretes an acid-like sweat, whereas Zeitgeist spews acidic vomit.