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托福语法技巧:并列连词及真题解题要点

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托福考试并列连词及真题解题要点:有关并列连词的命题在TOEEL考试中占有极重要的地位。并列连接词不仅自身是命题的焦点,它还涉及到一些其它的题型,如平行结构,词类、及一致等TOEEL考试要点。一般说来,有关并列连词的题目并不深涩,因为连接词无论在语意上还是结构功能上都并非孤立使用。有关并列连词的命题在TOEEL考试中占有极重要的地位。并列连接词不仅自身是命题的焦点,它还涉及到一些其它的题型,如平行结构,词类、及一致等TOEEL考试要点。一般说来,有关并列连词的题目并不深涩,因为连接词无论在语意上还是结构功能上都并非孤立使用。而且,细察并列连词的题目,还可寻见其中的命题规律并列连词常考题型及解题要点1. 并列连词 and but or混淆解题要点 这类题型主要分面布在written Expression (16-40题中) 当A、B、C、D四项选择中出现单独的and或but 或or 时,它通常就是此题的焦点,应根据句意判断此连词是否用错。全真例题要分析(1) Harvesting of grains is affected by annual changes in temperature or in the amount of moisture, but both. (90.1)[答案] D 根据句意,这里并无转折关系。因此but 应改为or。(2) Porcelain is not a single clay, and a compound of kaolin. Ball clay, feldspar. And silica. (91.1)[答案] C 此句表达的是一个取舍关系,and应改为but. “not…but”是表达转折,到舍含义的固定并列连词搭配。3. The structure or behavior of many protozoans are amazingly comples for single-celled artimals.[答案] A 根据句中复数谓语动词are 来判断,连词or是错误,它表述的概含是两项之一,应用单数第三人称动词。固而or应改为and。(4) Cayenne popper comes from the seedpot of the pepper plant which is dried or then ground.[答案] D 根据提示词then,我们可以判断dried 和ground (grind 的过去分词,碾碎)是顺序先后的两个动作,并非取舍选择关系。固此or应改为and。2. 并列连接词词组both…and as…asnot only …but also not so…aseither…or the same…asneither…nor 比较级(more-re) …thanso…that to…to常与so…thatwhether…or 混淆搭配解题要点;上述并列连词词组和短语必须搭配使用,不能承意更换或省略。考题中如出现上述词组的任何一部分,则注意另一部分是否正确。全真例题分析(1) In meteorology. Either formation of clouds and the oreciporddidon of dew rain and snow are known as condensation (93.1)[答案] A either改为both,组成both…and词组(2) The survival of a forest depends not only on amount of annual rainfall it receives. And also on the seasonal distribution of the rain.[答案] C and改为but,组成not only…but also 词组(3) Lucretia Mott*s influence was too significant that she has been credited by some authorities as the originator of feminism in the United State. (91.1)[答案] A too改为so,组成so…that结构。(4) The gorilla, not as curious than the chimpanzee, shows more persistence and memory retention in solving a problem. (90.5)[答案] B than改为as, 组成not as…as 结构。(5) Some linguious believe that the earliest languages were no less complex as modern languages (94.5)[答案] D as 改为than,组成“比较级…than”的句型。(6) Whether as statesman, scientist, and philosopher, Benjamin Franklin was destined to gain lasting honor throughout much of the world. (92.5)[答案] A and改为or,组成whether…or的结构。(7) Meadowlarks are about the same size than robins, they have heavier bodies, shorter tails, and longer bills. (89.5)[答案] B than改为as,组成the same…as的结构。(8) Nature not only gave the Middle Atlantic fine harbors, however endowed it with a first-class system of inland waterways. (91.1)[答案] C however 改为but also,组成not only…but also结构。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
temperature ['tempritʃə(r)]
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n. 温度,气温,体温,发烧
 
porcelain ['pɔ:slin]
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n. 瓷器,瓷
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gorilla [gə'rilə]
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n. 大猩猩
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complex ['kɔmpleks]
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adj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的
n. 复合体
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persistence [pə'sistəns]
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n. 坚持,毅力
 
inland ['inlənd]
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adj. 内陆的,国内的
adv. 内陆地
 
survival [sə'vaivəl]
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n. 生存,幸存者
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lasting ['læstiŋ]
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adj. 永久的,永恒的
动词last的现在分
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distribution [.distri'bju:ʃən]
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n. 分发,分配,散布,分布
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compound ['kɔmpaund]
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n. 混合物,复合词
n. 院子(用围墙圈起来
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