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托福语法辅导:复词及真题解题要点

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托福考试复词及真题解题要点:副词是TOEEL测试中非常活跃的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的题目并不很难。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判断。题型主要有下述几项:(1)副词与形容词混淆(详见本忆要点之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混淆的副词。副词是TOEEL测试中非常活跃的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的题目并不很难。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判断。题型主要有下述几项:(1)副词与形容词混淆(详见本忆要点之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混淆的副词。副词常考题型及解题要点1 副词与形容词的功能区别:形容词修饰名词;副词修饰除名词以外的所有词性及句子成分[例1] The ordeal of the Cherokee Indians, who were forcible moved from their homeland in the 1830*s, is remembered as the *Tears*. (91.10)[答案] B 修饰动词moved应用副词forcibly。[例2] Although the United States experienced rapidly growth in the first half of the nincieenth century, it was still predominately concerned with agriculture and forestry. (93.10)[答案] A 修饰名词growth应用形容词rapid,而不用副词rapidly。 此题是TOEEL常考类型题。请注意以- ly后缀构成的副词通常是命题焦点。2. 否定词not与形容词no的区别解题要点: 区分副词not和形容词no的命题是TOEEL常考的题型,主要分布在structure (1-15题)中。当not或no出现在选择答案中,应首先判断它所修饰的中心词的词性以决定选哪一个否定词。全真例分析(1) Since Alaska attained statehood in 1959------- single party has dominated politics there.(A) none(B) no(C) not(D) never (94.1)[答案] B 修饰中心名词party应用形容词no,而非副词not。(2) ------- social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams enthusiasm more than the expansion of the United States.(A) No(B) Nothing(C) Not(D) None (91.10)[答案] 修饰主语名词crusade 应用形容词no. 而非副词not。(3) ------- all rainwater falling from a cloud reaches the ground, some of it is lost through evaporation.(A) Nowhere(B) Not(C) No(D) None (91.8)[答案] B 修饰形容词all应用否定副词not。Not all (不是所有的)是固定短语搭配,表示的是部分否定,not all = sosme。(4) The mechanism by which brain cells store memories is ------- clearly understood.(A) none(B) no(C) not(D) nor (90.5)[答案] C 否定系词is,应用副词not。(5) Not woman held a presidential cabinet position in the United States until 1933. When Frances Perkins became secretary of labor. (89.1)[答案] A Not 改为No.3. 辨别词形相近的副词和形容词hare (努力、副词)- hardly (几乎不、副词)close (接近、形容词)- closely (接近、副词)near (接近、形容词)- nearly (几乎、副词)most (大多数的、形容词)-mostly(主要地、副词)late (迟、晚、形容词)-lately(最近、副词)全真例题分析(1) Chief Joseph Flesche. A vigorous Omaha leader, worked hardly to make his nation a proud and progressive one. (93.1)[答案] B hardly (几乎不)改为hard(努力)。(2) Glaciers that develop nearly the North and South Poles advance into the sea. Break into pieces, and become icebergs. (90.8)[答案] B 副词nearly意思是“几乎”。此句应改为near(接近)。(3) Those electrons most closely to the nucleus are held electromagnetic force. (92.1)[答案] B most closely 改为most close。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
cabinet ['kæbinit]
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n. 橱柜,内阁
adj. 私人的
联想记忆
concerned [kən'sə:nd]
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adj. 担忧的,关心的
 
enthusiasm [in'θju:ziæzəm]
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n. 热情,热心;热衷的事物
联想记忆
nucleus ['nju:kliəs]
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n. 核,核心,细胞核,原子核
 
mechanism ['mekənizəm]
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n. 机制,原理
n. 机械,机构,结构
 
evaporation [i.væpə'reiʃən]
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n. 蒸发,消失,脱水,干燥
 
expansion [iks'pænʃən]
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n. 扩大,膨胀,扩充
联想记忆
vigorous ['vigərəs]
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adj. 精力充沛的,元气旺盛的,有力的
 
crusade [kru:'seid]
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n. 改革运动 Crusade n. 十字军东征 vi.
联想记忆
progressive [prə'gresiv]
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adj. 前进的,渐进的
n. 进步人士
联想记忆

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