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习近平主席在党的十八届六中全会第二次全体会议上的讲话(节选)(中英对照)

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This plenary session has been a success. We have heard the report on the work of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, analyzed the situation we face in our efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline, deliberated and approved the Code of Conduct for Intraparty Political Life Under New Circumstances and the Regulations of the Communist Party of China on Internal Oversight (hereinafter referred to as the Code and the Regulations respectively), and adopted a resolution on the convening of the 19th National Congress of the CPC, thus accomplishing all items on the agenda.
这次全会开得很好。全会听取了中央政治局工作报告,分析了全面从严治党形势,审议通过了《关于新形势下党内政治生活的若干准则》和《中国共产党党内监督条例》,作出了关于召开党的第十九次全国代表大会的决议,完成了各项议程。
On behalf of the Political Bureau, I would like to make the following points with regard to implementing the guiding principles of this plenary session and accomplishing our current tasks.
下面,我代表中央政治局,就贯彻落实全会精神和做好当前工作讲几点意见。
I. Remaining committed to comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline
一、坚定不移推进全面从严治党
To implement the guiding principles of this plenary session, we must gain a deeper understanding of what is entailed in comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline. After the 18th National Congress of the CPC in 2012, the Central Committee conducted a comprehensive analysis of the new conditions and new tasks facing the Party and country, as well as new situations and problems that our Party, country, society, and the international community had encountered. On this basis, it came to an important conclusion that a strong, well-developed Party would be essential if we were to succeed in our great struggle with many new historical features, effectively respond to various risks and challenges, and realize the "Two Centenary Goals" and the Chinese dream of national renewal. If there were wavering beliefs, weak organization, lax discipline, and slack conduct within our Party, we would be neither able to respond to the tests brought about by our long-term governance, reform and opening up initiatives, the market economy, and the external environment, nor able to deal with the dangers of losing drive, incompetence, becoming out of touch with the people, and corruption. Were that the case, we would not only fail to achieve our goals, but end up with a tragic estrangement from the people. This is the fundamental reason why the Central Committee has reiterated that "our Party's capacity to fulfill difficult tasks hinges on its own strength."
落实好全会精神,必须更加深入地认识和把握全面从严治党。党的十八大之后,党中央全面分析党和国家工作面临的新形势新任务,综合分析党内、国家、社会以及国际环境中出现的新情况新问题,得出了一个重要结论,就是要进行好具有许多新的历史特点的伟大斗争、有效应对各种风险和挑战,实现"两个一百年"奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,必须把我们党建设好、建设强。如果党内信念涣散、组织涣散、纪律涣散、作风涣散,那就无法有效应对党面临的执政考验、改革开放考验、市场经济考验、外部环境考验,也无法克服精神懈怠危险、能力不足危险、脱离群众危险、消极腐败危险,最终不仅不能实现我们的奋斗目标,而且可能严重脱离人民群众,上演霸王别姬的悲剧。这就是党中央反复强调"打铁还需自身硬"的根本原因。
Since the 18th National Congress, we have incorporated comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline into the "Four Comprehensives" strategy. This is an inevitable choice that our Party has made in response to developments globally, nationally, and within the Party under new circumstances. Adopting a problem-oriented approach, we have focused on the following aspects in comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline. First, we have focused on strict ideological cultivation. We have continued to equip our Party members with the latest achievements of Chinese Marxism, so that they unite with one heart and one mind. We have used ideals, beliefs, and code of conduct of the Party to enhance their ideological foundation and strength, and guided them in reinforcing their ideals and beliefs, thus increasing their confidence in China's socialist path, theories, system, and culture. Second, we have focused on the strict management of the Party. We have upheld the leadership of the Party, andguided the entire Party in enhancing political commitment, seeing the bigger picture, following the core leadership of the Party, and staying aligned with the Central Committee. We have also ensured that responsibilities in the management and governance of our Party are fulfilled, and made continued efforts to enhance the awareness and capacity of Party organizations at all levels in this regard. Third, we have focused on the strict enforcement of discipline. We have attached primary importance to discipline, strictly enforced the Party's political discipline and political rules, and urged the entire Party to bear in mind the "five must-do's" and prevent the "seven types of misconduct," in an effort to safeguard the solidarity, unity, and coordination of the entire Party. Fourth, we have focused on the strict management of officials. We have adhered to sound criteria for official appointments, deepened the reform of the personnel management system for officials, refrained from selecting officials solelybased on votes, examination scores, GDP growth rates, or age, and rectified undesirable tendencies in personnel appointment, thereby improving the environment for personnel selection and appointment. Fifth, we have focused on the strict management of conduct. We have urged senior officials to lead by example, and made tireless efforts to resolve problems that were once considered unresolvable, thereby improving Party and government conduct on a constant basis. Sixth, we have focused on strictly combating corruption. Maintaining a zero-tolerance stance on corruption, we have upheld the principle of not only caging the "tigers" but also swatting the "flies" by building a sturdier institutional cage. In particular, we have rooted out corrupt officials such as Zhou Yongkang, Bo Xilai, Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, and Ling Jihua, thus effectively curbing the spread of corruption.
党的十八大以来,我们把全面从严治党纳入"四个全面"战略布局,这是新的历史条件下我们党应对世情国情党情变化的必然选择。我们坚持问题导向,主要从以下几个方面推进全面从严治党。一是抓思想从严,坚持用马克思主义中国化最新成果武装头脑、凝心聚魂,用理想信念和党性教育固本培元、补钙壮骨,着力教育引导全党坚定理想、坚定信念,增强中国特色社会主义道路自信、理论自信、制度自信、文化自信。二是抓管党从严,坚持和落实党的领导,引导全党增强政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识,着力落实管党治党责任,不断增强各级党组织管党治党意识和能力。三是抓执纪从严,坚持把纪律挺在前面,严明党的政治纪律和政治规矩,着力推动全党牢记"五个必须"、防止"七个有之",保证全党团结统一、步调一致。四是抓治吏从严,坚持正确用人导向,深化干部人事制度改革,破解"四唯"难题,着力整治用人上的不正之风,优化选人用人环境。五是抓作风从严,坚持以上率下,锲而不舍、扭住不放,着力解决许多过去被认为解决不了的问题,推动党风政风不断好转。六是抓反腐从严,坚持以零容忍态度惩治腐败,"老虎"、"苍蝇"一起打,着力扎紧制度的笼子,特别是清除了周永康、薄熙来、郭伯雄、徐才厚、令计划等腐败分子,有效遏制腐败蔓延势头。
Following several years of efforts, we have made important progress in comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline, integrity and conduct within our Party are improving, and so is the atmosphere in society as a whole. These changes are comprehensive, profound, far-reaching, and encouraging, and they have provided an enormous positive boost for the cause of the Party and the country. This shows that the CPC Central Committee's strategic decision to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline is in every way correct and has won the support of the Party and the people.
经过几年努力,全面从严治党取得重要阶段性成果,党内正气在上升,党风在好转,社会风气在上扬。这些变化,是全面深刻的变化、影响深远的变化、鼓舞人心的变化,为党和国家事业发展积聚了强大正能量。这充分表明,党中央作出全面从严治党的战略抉择是完全正确的,是深得党心民心的。
At the same time, however, we are clearly aware of the complexity of our Party's governing environment, its composition, and factors that may undermine its advanced nature and purity. Some deep-rooted problems in our Party have yet to be fundamentally resolved; some old problems may still recur; and new situations and new problems have been encountered. In addition, some Party members and officials have yet to fully understand the need to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline, to adapt their thinking to this effort, and to act more consciously in this regard. The entire Party must be aware that if we do not manage our Party effectively and govern it with the necessary stringency, and if problems within our Party that the public feel most strongly about go unsolved, the foundations of our Party's governance will be shaken and disintegrated; likewise, if we allow for the recurrence of problems that are beginning to be resolved, we will lose the people's trust, and our Party will face even greater dangers. There is no need to be fearful of problems; what is really fearful is helplessness in dealing with them and inadequate efforts to resolve them. As an old saying goes, "Those who give up halfway will meet with no success, and those who slacken their efforts will realize no gain." Therefore, the entire Party must maintain strong strategic resolve, give top priority to strict discipline in a genuine, brave, and constant effort to manage the Party, and integrate the requirement of strict discipline into all aspects of Party-building.
同时,我们也清醒认识到,我们党面临的执政环境是复杂的,党员队伍构成是复杂的,影响党的先进性、弱化党的纯洁性的因素也是复杂的,党内存在的一些深层次问题并没有得到根本解决,一些老问题反弹回潮的因素依然存在,还出现了一些新情况新问题。一些党员、干部对全面从严治党认识上不到位、思想上不适应、行动上不自觉。全党必须认识到,如果管党不力、治党不严,人民群众反映强烈的突出矛盾和问题得不到及时解决,我们党执政的基础就会动摇和瓦解;同样,如果我们让已经初步解决的问题反弹回潮、故态复发,那就会失信于民,我们党就会面临更大的危险。有问题并不可怕,可怕的是在问题面前束手无策,解决问题虎头蛇尾。正所谓"事辍者无功,耕怠者无获。"所以,全党 一定要保持战略定力,坚持严字当头、真管真严、敢管敢严、长管长严,把严的要求贯彻到管党治党全过程、落实到党的建设各方面。
At present, China is in the decisive phase of its push to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and the Chinese nation is at a critical juncture in its drive towards renewal. China has entered the deep end of reform and a new normal of economic development, with various problems overlapping and risks mounting. Due to new changes in the world balance of power and profound adjustments in the world economy, China is confronted with a more complex and daunting international environment than before, as well as various obstacles and pitfalls on the road ahead. Under such domestic and international circumstances, if we are to gain the upper hand, seize the initiative, and win the future, it is essential that we make the Party even stronger, enabling it to bring together the people in an effective effort to respond to major challenges, withstand major risks, overcome major obstacles, and address major problems.
当前,我国已进入全面建成小康社会决胜阶段,中华民族正处于走向伟大复兴的关键时期。改革进入深水区,经济发展进入新常态,各种矛盾叠加,风险隐患集聚。当今世界,国际力量对比发生新的变化,世界经济进入深度调整,我国发展面临的国际环境更加复杂严峻。我们前进的道路上有各种各样的"拦路虎"、"绊脚石"。在这样的国内外形势下,我们要赢得优势、赢得主动、赢得未来,就必须把党建设得更加坚强有力,使我们党能够团结带领人民有力应对重大挑战、抵御重大风险、克服重大阻力、解决重大矛盾。
Our efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline should be made in a thorough manner and yet with focuses. Emphasis should be placed on improving and regulating intraparty political activities and enhancing the Party's internal oversight. Tightening intraparty political conduct constitutes the foundation for comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline. To ensure that the Party supervises its own conduct and runs itself according to a strict code of conduct, we must begin by strictly regulating its internal political behaviors and activities. The CPC's position of governance dictates that internal oversight plays the most fundamental and principal role among all forms of oversight by the Party and state. Only by using the Party's internal oversight to promote other forms of oversight and improve the oversight system can we provide a strong institutional guarantee for comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline. The Code and the Regulations adopted at thisplenary session are inherently linked and mutually reinforcing, representing important institutional and legal guarantees for comprehensively governing the Party with strict discipline.
全面从严治党,既需要全方位用劲,也需要重点发力。加强和规范党内政治生活、加强党内监督就是重点发力的抓手。严肃党内政治生活是全面从严治党的基础。党要管党,首先要从党内政治生活管起;从严治党,首先要从党内政治生活严起。党的执政地位,决定了党内监督在党和国家各种监督形式中是最基本的、第一位的。只有以党内监督带动其他监督、完善监督体系,才能为全面从严治党提供有力制度保障。全会通过的准则、条例内在统一、相辅相成,是推进全面从严治党的重要制度法规保障。
II. Comprehensively improving and regulating intraparty political behaviors and activities
二、全面加强和规范党内政治生活
Earnest intraparty political norm constitutes an important feature that distinguishes our Party, a Marxist political party, from other political parties, as well as a glorious tradition that we have long upheld. Our long-term endeavors have proved that, earnest intraparty political norm plays an instrumental role in maintaining the essence, tenets, advanced nature, and purity of our Party, in resolving its problems, in tempering the Party spirit of its members and officials, and in purifying Party conduct.
开展严肃认真的党内政治生活,是我们党作为马克思主义政党区别于其他政党的重要特征,是我们党的光荣传统。长期实践证明,严肃认真的党内政治生活是我们党坚持党的性质和宗旨、保持先进性和纯洁性的重要法宝,是解决党内矛盾和问题的"金钥匙",是广大党员、干部锤炼党性的"大熔炉",是纯洁党风的"净化器"。
As an old Chinese saying goes, "The line marker (a form of ruler used by carpenters in ancient China) was invented because wood does not grow in straight lines." With a focus on improving and regulating intraparty political activities and conducts and enhancing the Party's internal oversight, this plenary session has truly adopted a problem-oriented approach. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, as we have continued to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline, problems within our Party have become increasingly evident. In addition to their insatiable desire for money and dissolute lifestyles, people like Zhou Yongkang, Bo Xilai, Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, and Ling Jihua were driven by an over-inflated sense of political ambition. They hatched political plots, feigning compliance with policies while acting in opposition to them and forming self-serving cliques. The grave political problems exposed by their cases have given me much food for thought. This is why I have reiterated, over thepast three years, the political need to understand and carry out efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline.
"绳墨之起,为不直也。"这次全会抓住加强和规范党内政治生活、加强党内监督这两个问题,就是坚持问题导向。党的十八大以来,随着全面从严治党不断推进,党内存在的突出矛盾和问题暴露得越来越充分。周永康、薄熙来、郭伯雄、徐才厚、令计划等人,不仅经济上贪婪、生活上腐化,而且政治上野心膨胀,大搞阳奉阴违、结党营私、拉帮结派等政治阴谋活动。他们在政治上暴露出来的严重问题,引起我深入思考。3年多来,我多次强调要从政治上认识和抓好全面从严治党。
On November 16, 2012, at the First Session of the Political Bureau of the 18th Central Committee, I said that we needed to set an example in observing the Party's organizational principles and code of conduct for intraparty political behaviors and activities, and in knowing the rules and following the code of discipline. On November 20 that year, I published an article in the People's Daily entitled "Earnestly Studying and Strictly Observing the Party Constitution," in which I emphasized the need to strictly implement all regulations on intraparty political activities provided in the Party Constitution, have the courage to uphold principles and conduct criticism and self-criticism, and take the lead in promoting healthy practices and opposing unhealthy ones.
2012年,11月16日,我在十八届中央政治局第一次会议上就强调:"大家要带头遵守党的组织原则和党内政治生活准则,懂规矩,守纪律"。11月20日,我在《人民日报》发表题为《认真学习党章,严格遵守党章》的文章,强调"要严格执行党章关于党内政治生活的各项规定,敢于坚持原则,勇于开展批评和自我批评,带头弘扬正气、抵制歪风邪气"。
On January 22, 2013, at the Second Plenary Session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), I stated, "To improve our work style, we need to purify the political environment and create a sound environment that is conducive to clean government." On June 25, the Political Bureau convened a dedicated meeting to examine how the Central Committee's eight-point code of conduct was being implemented, and to discuss and deliberate measures for further improving Party conduct. At that meeting I noted, "We demand that Party organizations at all levels, Party members and officials, and especially leading officials, observe the Party Constitution, act in line with the Party's organizational principles and code of conduct for intraparty political behaviors and activities, and subject themselves to the Party's disciplinary restrictions in a conscious manner. No individual is allowed to place themselves above Party organizations, and members of the Political Bureau should lead by example in this regard."
2013年,1月22日,我在十八届中央纪委二次全会上讲到:"改进工作作风,就是要净化政治生态,营造廉洁从政的良好环境。"6月25日,中央政治局召开专门会议对照检查中央八项规定落实情况,讨论研究深化改进作风举措,我在会上强调:"我们要求各级党组织和广大党员、干部特别是主要领导干部自觉遵守党章,自觉按照党的组织原则和党内政治生活准则办事,自觉接受党的纪律约束,决不允许任何个人凌驾于组织之上,中央政治局的同志首先要做到。"
On October 8, 2014, at a meeting summarizing the campaign to study and practice the Party's guiding principle of serving and relying on the people, I stated, "Intraparty political behaviors and activities represent a major platform where Party organizations educate and manage Party members and where Party members temper their Party spirit. To govern the Party with strict discipline, we must begin by strictly regulating its internal political behaviors and activities. The nature of such activities defines the conduct of our Party members and officials." "The very essence of governing the Party with strict discipline is to ensure that Party organizations at all levels and all Party members and officials act in line with the code of conduct for intraparty political behaviors and activities and regulations of the Party." On October 23, at the Second Full Assembly of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, I required that Party members and officials, especially leading officials, strictly observe political discipline and political rules. I emphasized that, "Some officials have disregarded the Party's political discipline and political rules. In a bid to enhance their so-called ‘official careers' and ‘influence,' there are those who have engaged in cronyism, discriminating against those who do not belong to their grouping; there are those who have formed self-serving cliques; there are those who have anonymously lodged false accusations and fabricated rumors; there are those who have engaged in popularity-courting and the rigging of elections; there are those who have promised others official posts and celebrated mutual appointments; there are those who have acted willfully and feigned compliance with policies while acting in opposition to them; and there are those who have overestimated their influence and made presumptuous comments on the decisions of the Central Committee. Some of these people have been utterly brazen and reckless. Nevertheless, these problems have often failed to capture the attention of Party organizations in some localities and departments. Even when discovered, they have seldom been treated and addressed as violations of Party discipline and state law. This is wrong and must be put right." These are the "seven types of misconduct" I have mentioned, and they are predominantly political.
2014年,10月8日,我在党的群众路线教育实践活动总结大会上讲: "党内政治生活是党组织教育管理党员和党员进行党性锻炼的主要平台,从严治党必须从党内政治生活严起。有什么样的党内政治生活,就有什么样的党员、干部作风。""从严治党,最根本的就是要使全党各级组织和全体党员、干部都按照党内政治生活准则和党的各项规定办事。"10月23日,我在党的十八届四中全会第二次全体会议上讲到党员、干部特别是领导干部要严守政治纪律和政治规矩时强调:"一些人无视党的政治纪律和政治规矩,为了自己的所谓仕途,为了自己的所谓影响力,搞任人唯亲、排斥异己的有之,搞团团伙伙、拉帮结派的有之,搞匿名诬告、制造谣言的有之,搞收买人心、拉动选票的有之,搞封官许愿、弹冠相庆的有之,搞自行其是、阳奉阴违的有之,搞尾大不掉、妄议中央的也有之,如此等等。有的人已经到了肆无忌惮、胆大妄为的地步!而这些问题往往没有引起一些地方和部门党组织的注意,发现了问题也没有上升到党纪国法高度来认识和处理。这是不对的,必须加以纠正。"这就是"七个有之",我主要是从政治上讲的。
On January 13, 2015, at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CCDI, I stated that in observing political discipline and political rules, Party officials must safeguard the authority of the Central Committee and maintain a high degree of unity with the Central Committee ideologically, politically, and in their actions at all times and under all circumstances; uphold the solidarity of the Party and unite all loyal members, regardless of background; follow organizational procedures, and request instructions from and submit reports to higher-level Party committees with regard to major issues rather than overstep their authority; comply with the decisions of Party organizations, never engaging in any unauthorized activities or violating the decisions of Party organizations; and restrain their family members and aides, never tacitly allowing the latter to seek illegitimate interests in their special capacity. These are the "five must-do's" I have talked about. On October 29, at the Second Full Assembly of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, I stated, "At present, it is indeed necessary to restore our political environment and revive and carry forward our Party's fine traditions and conduct. In this regard, members of the Central Committee should set an example in conducting ourselves as Party members, sharing the Party's concerns, and devoting ourselves to it."
2015年,1月13日,我在十八届中央纪委五次全会上强调,遵守政治纪律和政治规矩,必须维护党中央权威,在任何时候任何情况下都必须在思想上政治上行动上同党中央保持高度一致;必须维护党的团结,坚持五湖四海, 团结一切忠实于党的同志;必须遵循组织程序,重大问题该请示的请示,该汇报的汇报,不允许超越权限办事;必须服从组织决定,决不允许搞非组织活动,不得违背组织决定;必须管好亲属和身边工作人员,不得默许他们利用特殊身份谋取非法利益。这就是我讲的"五个必须"。10月29日,我在党的十八届五中全会第二次全体会议上强调:"现在,确实需要修复政治生态,把我们党的光荣传统和优良作风大大恢复和发扬起来。在这方面,中央委员会的同志要在党言党、在党忧党、在党为党,带好头、做好表率。"
On July 1, 2016, at the ceremony marking the 95th anniversary of the founding of the CPC, I noted, "We need to improve and regulate intraparty political activities and conducts, strictly enforce the Party's political discipline and political rules, make intraparty political behaviors and activities more in line with political requirements, more relevant to the current time, more principled, and more effective, and comprehensively purify the political environment within the Party."
2016年,7月1日,我在庆祝中国共产党成立95周年大会上强调:"我们要加强和规范党内政治生活,严肃党的政治纪律和政治规矩,增强党内政治生活的政治性、时代性、原则性、战斗性,全面净化党内政治生态。"
Over the last several years, I have reiterated the need to tighten intraparty political behaviors and activities. This is because our Party has come to a pivotal point; major changes in our ranks and new developments in the relationship between the Party, its officials, and the public urgently demand that we engage in political efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline.
这几年来,我反复强调严肃党内政治生活问题,就是因为我们党正处在一个关键的历史节点上,党的队伍发生的重大变化和党群干群关系出现的新情况新问题,迫切需要我们首先从政治上把全面从严治党抓紧抓好。
The Code adopted at this plenary session not only spells out in detail the regulations and requirements provided in the Party Constitution, but also systematically organizes a series of rules and measures that have been developed in recent years through our efforts to comprehensively govern the Party with strict discipline. Taking aim at prominent problems within the Party, the Code defines specific regulations with regard to 12 aspects, identifying problems as well as prescribing solutions for both their symptoms and the root causes. The effectiveness of the Code hinges on its full implementation, and this requires the following efforts.
这次全会通过的准则,既是党章规定和要求的具体化,也是近年来全面从严治党实践形成的一系列规定和举措的系统化。准则针对党内存在的突出矛盾和问题,从12个方面作出规定,既指出了病症,也开出了药方,既有治标举措,也有治本方略。准则管不管用,关键看能不能执行到位。
First, we need to attach fundamental importance to political education. As an old Chinese saying goes, "An unwavering mind is essential to a successful undertaking." Enhancing political education and better equipping Party members with theories represent the primary task of regulating and improving intraparty political behaviors and activities, and a precondition for ensuring the coordination of the entire Party. As Mao Zedong pointed out, "Political education is the key link to be grasped in uniting the whole Party for great political struggles." The various problems that have emerged in our intraparty political activities are fundamentally attributable to the fact that some Party members and officials have wavered in their ideals, beliefs, worldview, outlook on life, and values. Ideals and beliefs are derived from persistence and established after being tempered through hardships. We should make persistent efforts to equip our Party members and officials with theories and to enhance Party spirit and moral education. We must guide them in reinforcing their beliefs, inner strength, and thoughts, and ensure that they uphold truth, keep to the correct path, follow principles and rules, uphold public and personal morals, and improve their character and conduct so that they establish themselves on the basis of beliefs, dignity, and diligence.
第一,抓好思想教育这个根本。"欲事立,须是心立。"加强思想教育和理论武装,是党内政治生活的首要任务,是保证全党步调一致的前提。毛泽东同志曾经指出: "掌握思想教育,是团结全党进行伟大政治斗争的中心环节。"党内政治生活出现这样那样的问题,根子还是一些党员、干部理想信念这个"压舱石"发生了动摇,世界观、人生观、价值观这个"总开关"出现了松动。理想信念,源自坚守,成于磨砺。要坚持不懈强化理论武装,毫不放松加强党性教育,持之以恒加强道德教育,教育引导广大党员、干部筑牢信仰之基、补足精神之钙、把稳思想之舵,坚守真理、坚守正道、坚守原则、坚守规矩,明大德、严公德、守私德,重品行、正操守、养心性,做到以信念、人格、实干立身。
Intraparty political behaviors and activities, the political environment, and political culture are mutually reinforcing. Political culture represents the soul of political conduct, and exerts an invisible, formative influence on the political environment. We should attach importance to the development of intraparty political culture, encourage loyalty, honesty, frankness, fairness, decency, down-to-earth practice, perseverance, and uprightness, and unequivocally oppose vulgar and depraved political cultures such as networking, "Thick Black Theory," the art of officialdom, and hidden rules, in a sustained effort to lay down solid foundations for a sound political environment.
党内政治生活、政治生态、政治文化是相辅相成的,政治文化是政治生活的灵魂,对政治生态具有潜移默化的影响。要注重加强党内政治文化建设,倡导和弘扬忠诚老实、光明坦荡、公道正派、实事求是、艰苦奋斗、清正廉洁等价值观,旗帜鲜明抵制和反对关系学、厚黑学、官场术、"潜规则"等庸俗腐朽的政治文化,不断培厚良好政治生态的土壤。
Second, we need to attach key importance to strict discipline. As an old Chinese saying goes, "To check flatness and straightness, carpenters must use leveling instruments and ink markers; to check the accuracy of squares and circles, they must use squares and compasses." Strict discipline represents an inherent requirement of and important guarantee for improving and regulating intraparty political behaviors and activities. We need to enhance institutional restrictions within the Party and build a sturdier institutional cage. Political discipline and political rules constitute the most fundamental and important disciplinary codes of the Party; the observance of political discipline and political rules is fundamental to the observance of all other forms of Party discipline. Party organizations at all levels and Party members should consciously abide by political discipline and political rules, and enhance political commitment, see the bigger picture, follow the core leadership of the Party, and stay aligned with the CPC Central Committee, ensuring that they always uphold the correct political beliefs, political stance, and political orientation.
第二,抓好严明纪律这个关键。"欲知平直,则必准绳;欲知方圆,则必规矩。"纪律严明是加强和规范党内政治生活的内在要求和重要保证。要强化党内制度约束,扎紧制度的笼子。政治纪律和政治规矩是党最根本、最重要的纪律,遵守政治纪律和政治规矩是遵守党的全部纪律的基础。各级党组织和广大党员要自觉遵守政治纪律和政治规矩,不断增强政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识,做到坚守政治信仰、站稳政治立场、把准政治方向。
We must ensure that all orders are executed and all prohibitions are heeded without fail. We must resolutely punish all violations of discipline, ensuring that the Party's disciplinary code and rules genuinely become a high-voltage line that nobody dares to touch, and preventing the emergence of "broken windows" in this regard. In line with the guiding principles of the Code, we need to review relevant rules and regulations, revising and supplementing existing regulations and formulating new ones where needed, so as to ensure that we have clearly defined guidelines for intraparty political norm and conduct. Party organizations at all levels should assume responsibility for the enforcement of discipline and rules. Oversight and accountability must be strengthened, and those responsible for lack of due diligence in this regard must be strictly held to account. On this basis, we will make continued efforts to impose strict, concrete, and stringent standards rather than loose, lax, and soft ones in the management of the Party.
要坚持有令必行、有禁必止,坚决查处各种违反纪律的行为,使各项纪律规矩真正成为"带电的高压线",防止出现"破窗效应"。要按照准则精神,对现有制度规范进行梳理,该修订的修订,该补充的补充,该新建的新建,让党内政治生活有规可依、有章可循。各级党组织都负有执行纪律和规矩的主体责任,要强化监督问责,对责任落实不力的坚决追究责任,推动管党治党不断从"宽松软"走向"严实硬"。
Third, we need to exert the guiding role of official selection and appointment. The way that officials are selected and appointed demonstrates whether intraparty political activities and conducts are healthy. Misconduct and corruption in this regard jeopardize political norm in a most severe manner, and adopting a correct approach to official appointment represents a fundamental means of tightening intraparty political activities. We should adhere to sound criteria for officials, judging them strictly by their political ideals, character, conduct, and integrity. On this basis, we should commend and put in key positions officials who are loyal, upright, responsible, pragmatic, industrious, and enterprising, who wholeheartedly serve the people, and who have done a splendid job, while marginalizing and disciplining those who feign compliance with policies while acting in opposition to them, curry favor, engage in falsification rather than solid work, and cultivate connections for promotion. Major efforts should be made to rectify misconduct in official selection and appointment, prevent the"bad money" from driving out the good, and create a clean environment for personnel appointment that helps to ensure political integrity. We also need to establish a sound framework of systems for strictly managing and overseeing officials, so that the management of officials is no longer considered to be less important than their appointment. At the same time, we should put in place mechanisms to permit and rectify mistakes, and strengthen positive incentives, so as to ensure that officials are motivated, industrious, and brave enough to assume responsibility.
第三,抓好选人用人这个导向。选人用人是党内政治生活的风向标,用人上的不正之风和腐败现象对政治生活危害最烈,端正用人导向是严肃党内政治生活的治本之策。要落实好干部标准,严把政治关、品行关、作风关、廉洁关,真正让忠诚干净担当、为民务实清廉、奋发有为、锐意改革、实绩突出的干部得到褒奖和重用,让阳奉阴违、阿谀逢迎、弄虚作假、不干实事、会跑会要的干部没市场、受惩戒。要大力整治选人用人上的不正之风,使用人风气更加清朗,坚决纠正"劣币驱逐良币"的逆淘汰现象,以用人环境的风清气正促进政治生态的山清水秀。要完善从严管理监督干部制度体系,解决"重选轻管"问题。同时,要抓紧健全容错纠错机制,加大正向激励力度,引导广大干部保持良好精神状态,奋发有为、敢于担当。
Fourth, we need to make good use of regular collective activities within the Party. Collective activities within the Party represent an important aspect and vehicle of intraparty political norm and conduct, and an important means by which Party organizations educate, manage, and oversee their members. The strength and capability of a Party organization is closely connected to the quality of its collective activities. In order to educate, manage, and oversee Party members on a regular basis, we need to ensure that a range of systems are properly practiced. These include systems for Party branch general meetings, meetings of the Party branch committee, Party group meetings, and Party lectures (known as "three meetings and one lecture"); meetings of criticism and self-criticism among members in leadership positions; collective meetings of both higher-level and lower-level Party organizations that are attended by leading officials; the democratic assessment of Party members; and open discussions. In addition, we need to adopt new approaches to collective activities within the Party, with a view to making these activities more attractive and appealing as well as enhancing their quality and effectiveness.
第四,用好组织生活这个经常性手段。党的组织生活是党内政治生活的重要内容和载体,是党组织对党员进行教育管理监督的重要形式。一个班子强不强、有没有战斗力,同有没有严肃认真的组织生活密切相关。要认真落实"三会一课"、民主生活会、领导干部双重组织生活、民主评议党员、谈心谈话等制度,加强经常性教育、管理、监督。要创新方式方法,增强吸引力和感染力,提高组织生活质量和效果。
Criticism and self-criticism are effective tools that our Party uses to remedy problems and stay healthy, and important methods to improve and regulate political norm and conduct. Leading officials and leading bodies should set an example in this regard and foster a sound atmosphere that is conducive to criticism and self-criticism. Leading officials should firmly oppose the ignoble philosophy of letting things drift if they do not affect them personally, and saying as little as possible when knowing perfectly well that something is wrong. They should overcome misguided tendencies such as attempting to conceal one's mistakes and continuing to behave in a way one knows to be wrong.
批评和自我批评是我们党强身治病、保持肌体健康的锐利武器,也是加强和规范党内政治生活的重要手段。领导干部要带头,班子要作表率,在党内营造批评和自我批评的良好风气。领导干部要坚决反对事不关己、高高挂起,明知不对、少说为佳的庸俗哲学,坚决克服文过饰非、知错不改等错误倾向。
Fifth, we need to lay emphasis on both tradition and innovation. The fine traditions of intraparty political behaviors and activities that our Party has developed over the long term have always been and will continue to be a valuable asset. We must not abandon our fine traditions or revolutionary heritage, as doing so would be to abandon our soul and degenerate. Meanwhile, taking account of new conditions, we need to better exert the role of intraparty political norm by improving its contents, forms, means, and methods, and use new experiences to guide new practices, striving to create a political atmosphere within the Party in which we have both centralism and democracy, both discipline and freedom, and both unity of will and personal ease of mind and liveliness.
第五,抓住继承和创新这两个关键环节。我们党在长期实践中形成的党内政治生活的光荣传统,不论过去、现在还是将来,都是党的宝贵财富。光荣传统不能丢,丢了就丢了魂;红色基因不能变,变了就变了质。同时,我们要立足新的实际,不断从内容、形式、载体、方法、手段等方面进行改进和创新,善于以新的经验指导新的实践,更好发挥党内政治生活的作用,努力在全党造成一个又有集中又有民主、又有纪律又有自由、又有统一意志又有个人心情舒畅生动活泼的政治局面。
To implement the Code, it is essential that we effectively resolve outstanding problems in intraparty political behaviors and activities. Party organizations at all levels and all Party members and officials should ensure that their thoughts and actions comply with the Code. They should confront existing problems, acknowledge their own inadequacies, and strive to surmount deep-seated problems. On the one hand, we should strive to resolve outstanding problems of the kind that occur in large numbers and on a widespread basis, such as arbitrariness, dictatorial style, liberalism, and decentralism in work; going through the motions instead of doing the real work, excessive bureaucracy, over-spending and self-indulgence, pleasure-seeking and extravagance; abuse of power, embezzlement and bribery, moral degeneration, and violations of the law and codes of discipline; cases in which codes of discipline go ignored, the enforcement of discipline is lax, and violations of codes of discipline go unpunished; and lack ofdrive, lack of courage to take responsibility, incompetence, inertia, and nonfeasance. These problems are easily perceived by the public, and have clear boundaries. The focus of our efforts in this regard should be to intensify institutional restrictions. On the other hand, we should work to resolve problems that are highly political and have a devastating effect, such as refusal to maintain unity with the Central Committee on major issues or to uphold the Party's political discipline and political rules; disloyalty, dishonesty, fake compliance, falsification, and duplicity in front of the Party; cronyism and favoritism for personal gains in personnel appointment, cultivating of connections for promotion, buying and selling of official posts, and rigging of elections by paying for votes; and formation of self-serving cliques and overinflated sense of political ambition. These problems are largely invisible and only manifest themselves at critical moments. The focus of our efforts in this regard should be to identify criteria, promptly crack down on typical cases, and create effective mechanisms against such behaviors.
贯彻落实准则,关键看是否有效解决了党内政治生活存在的突出矛盾和问题。党的各级组织和每个党员、干部要自觉用准则对照自己的思想和行动,敢于直面问题,勇于自我解剖,向顽瘴痼疾开刀。一方面,要注重解决那些量大面广、表现突出的问题,诸如工作中搞独断专行、搞"一言堂"和自由主义、分散主义问题,作风上搞形式主义、官僚主义、享乐主义和奢靡之风问题,滥用权力、贪污受贿、腐化堕落、违法乱纪问题,有纪不依、执纪不严、违纪不究问题,不思进取、不敢担当、庸懒无为问题,等等。这类问题,群众看得真切,界限尺度比较明确,重在严格执行制度,加强刚性约束。另一方面,要着力解决政治性强、破坏力大的问题,诸如在重大问题上不同党中央保持一致、不执行党的政治纪律和政治规矩问题,对党不忠诚老实、阳奉阴违、弄虚作假、做"两面人"问题,选人用人上任人唯亲、任人唯利和跑官要官、买官卖官、拉票贿选问题,结党营私、拉帮结派、政治野心膨胀问题,等等。这类问题,往往隐蔽性强,不到关键时刻难以暴露,重在确立判断标准,及时查处典型,形成有效机制。
Intraparty political norm and conduct are complex in composition, and problems in this regard tend to vary in different localities, departments, and organizations. What we need is the courage to confront these problems and the capability to resolve them. Continued efforts should be made to resolve whatever problems arise, focus on whatever problem is difficult, and surmount whatever problem is outstanding. When dealing with these problems, we need to conduct comprehensive analysis and draw inferences from them, so as to ensure that all our measures and endeavors are conducive to improving and regulating intraparty political behaviors and activities and to purifying the political environment within our Party.
党内政治生活因素复杂,具体到一个地方、一个部门、一个单位,问题各不相同。直面问题是勇气,解决问题是水平。要坚持有什么问题就解决什么问题,什么问题难就重点解决什么问题,什么问题突出就着力攻克什么问题,无论解决什么问题,都要综合分析、举一反三,使每项措施、每次努力都有利于加强和规范党内政治生活,有利于净化党内政治生态。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
restore [ri'stɔ:]
想一想再看
vt. 恢复,修复,使复原
 
confidence ['kɔnfidəns]
想一想再看
adj. 骗得信任的
n. 信任,信心,把握
联想记忆
orientation [.ɔ:rien'teiʃən]
想一想再看
n. 信仰,趋向,定位,适应,情况介绍
[计算
联想记忆
slacken ['slækən]
想一想再看
v. 使松弛,使缓慢,变弱
 
reckless ['reklis]
想一想再看
adj. 不计后果的,大意的,鲁莽的
联想记忆
implement ['implimənt,'impliment]
想一想再看
n. 工具,器具; 当工具的物品
vt. 实施
联想记忆
fairness ['fɛənis]
想一想再看
n. 公平,公正
 
feign [fein]
想一想再看
vt. 假装,捏造 vi. 假装,装作
 
relevant ['relivənt]
想一想再看
adj. 相关的,切题的,中肯的
联想记忆
inertia [i'nə:ʃjə]
想一想再看
n. 惯性,惰性
 

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