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2017年6月英语四级阅读真题及答案 第3套 选词填空(答案)

来源:可可英语 编辑:Jasmine   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
As if you needed another reason to hate the gym, it now turns out that exercise can exhaust not only your muscles, but also your eyes. Fear not, however, for coffee can perk them right up again. During vigorous exercise, our muscles tire as they run out of fuel and build up waste products. Muscle performance can also be affected by a phenomenon called “central fatigue,” in which an imbalance in the body’s chemical messengers prevents the central nervous system from directing muscle movements effectively. It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly involved in the exercise itself—such as those that move the eyes. To find out, researchers gave 11 volunteers a carbohydrate solution either with a moderate dose of caffeine—which is known to stimulate the central nervous system—or as a placebo without, during 3 hours of cycling. After exercising, the scientists tested the cyclists with eye-tracking cameras to see how well their brains could still control their visual system. The team found that exercise reduced the speed of rapid eye movements by about 8%, preventing their ability to capture new visual information. The caffeine—the equivalent of two strong cups of coffee—was sufficient to counteract this effect, with some cyclists even displaying increased eye movement speeds, the team reports today in Scientific Reports. So it might be a good idea to get someone else to drive you home after that marathon.

26.O vigorous
27.I phenomenon
28.E effectively
29.G involved
30.M solution
31.D cycling
32.C control
33. J preventing
34. N sufficient
35. F increased
重点单词   查看全部解释    
vigorous ['vigərəs]
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adj. 精力充沛的,元气旺盛的,有力的
 
affected [ə'fektid]
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adj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做
联想记忆
exhaust [ig'zɔ:st]
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v. 耗尽,使衰竭,使筋疲力尽
n. 排气装置
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fatigue [fə'ti:g]
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n. 疲乏,疲劳,累活
adj. 疲劳的
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movement ['mu:vmənt]
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n. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章
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equivalent [i'kwivələnt]
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adj. 等价的,相等的
n. 相等物
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tire ['taiə]
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n. 轮胎,金属圈
v. 使疲倦,厌烦
 
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]
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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液
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dose [dəus]
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n. 剂量,一剂,一服
vt. 给 ... 服
 
performance [pə'fɔ:məns]
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n. 表演,表现; 履行,实行
n. 性能,本
联想记忆

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