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2017年6月英语四级阅读真题及答案 第1套 选词填空

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选词填空
Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item onAnswer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

As if you needed another reason to hate the gym, it now turns out that exercise can exhaust not only your muscles, but also your eyes. Fear not, however, for coffee can perk them right up again. During 26_____ exercise, our muscles tire as they run out of fuel and build up waste products. Muscle performance can also be affected by a 27_____ called “central fatigue,” in which an imbalance in the body’s chemical messengers prevents the central nervous system from directing muscle movements 28______. It was not known, however, whether central fatigue might also affect motor systems not directly 29_____ in the exercise itself—such as those that move the eyes. To find out, researchers gave 11 volunteers a carbohydrate 30______ either with a moderate dose of caffeine—which is known to stimulate the central nervous system—or as a placebo without, during 3 hours of 31_____. After exercising, the scientists tested the cyclists with eye-tracking cameras to see how well their brains could still 32_____ their visual system. The team found that exercise reduced the speed of rapid eye movements by about 8%, 33_____ their ability to capture new visual information. The caffeine—the equivalent of two strong cups of coffee—was 34_____ to counteract this effect, with some cyclists even displaying 35_____ eye movement speeds, the team reports today in Scientific Reports. So it might be a good idea to get someone else to drive you home after that marathon.
C control D cycling E effectively F increased G involved
I phenomenon J preventing M solution N sufficient O vigorous(不全)
重点单词   查看全部解释    
tire ['taiə]
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n. 轮胎,金属圈
v. 使疲倦,厌烦
 
placebo [plə'si:bəu]
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n. 安慰剂,安慰话
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caffeine ['kæfi:n]
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n. 咖啡因
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movement ['mu:vmənt]
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n. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章
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imbalance [im'bæləns]
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n. 不平衡,失调
 
vigorous ['vigərəs]
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adj. 精力充沛的,元气旺盛的,有力的
 
affect [ə'fekt]
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vt. 影响,作用,感动
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phenomenon [fi'nɔminən]
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n. 现象,迹象,(稀有)事件
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moderate ['mɔdəreit,'mɔdərit]
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adj. 适度的,稳健的,温和的,中等的
v.
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solution [sə'lu:ʃən]
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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液
联想记忆

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