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经济学人:再生能源目标:用绿色来转移注意力(2)

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Moreover, cleaning up electricity is only part of the battle.
此外,清洁电力只是斗争的一部分。
Even though gas-fired heating and cooking can be at least as big a source of greenhouse-gas emissions, renewable heating gets minuscule attention.
尽管燃气取暖和烹饪至少是温室气体排放的一大源头,但是可再生能源供热还是得到极少被关注。
Transport policy is erratic, too.
交通政策也有点古怪。
Carmakers may hit their goal of annual sales of 10m electric vehicles in a decade, but battery-powered road haulage, shipping and aviation are dreams.
汽车制造商可能会实现在十年之内每年销售一千万辆电动车的目标,但是电池驱动的道路运输,海运和航空则成了梦想。
再生能源目标2.jpgA much-quoted claim that America could rely on wind, solar and hydro alone for its electricity has recently been witheringly criticised by a group of respected academics.
一份被广泛引述的声明称,美国可能仅仅依靠依赖风能,太阳能和水利发电,因为它的电力最近受到一群令人尊敬的学者难堪地批判。
Most important, a 100% renewables target confuses means with ends.
最重要的是,一个100%的可再生目标混淆本末。
The priority for the planet is to stop net emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide.
需要优先考虑地是停止地球上的温室气体排放,尤其是二氧化碳的排放。
Putting too much emphasis on wind, solar and other renewables may block off better carbon-reduction paths.
将太多重点放在风能,太阳能和其它的可再生能源上可能会阻挡更好的碳减排途径。
After decades of investment, it is wrong to leave nuclear power off the table.
经过几十年的调查,停止核能是不对的。
Carbon emissions in Germany actually rose because it chose to phase outnuclear power and so burned more coal.
在德国,碳排放增多了,是因为国家选择逐步淘汰核能,所以烧了更多的煤。
New technologies, such as “direct air capture” systems designed to separate carbon dioxide from the air, may in time prove vital.
就像“直接捕获空气”的系统设计是为了将二氧化碳从空气中分离,新技术可能是至关重要的。
Likewise, greater energy efficiency could reduce emissions by even more than deploying renewables would.
同样的,更高的能源效率可以降低排放量,甚至多于发展可再生能源后减少的排放量。
Indians last year consumed twice as much energy from newly installed air conditioners as they produced from new solar farms.
去年,印度人新安装的空调消耗了两倍的能量,因为它们产自新的太阳能农场。
More accurate metering of energy consumption could encourage companies and households to rein in power demand.
更准确的能耗计量可能会鼓励公司和家庭控制电力需求。
It would be better, as the Paris agreement urges, for countries to focus on reductions in emissions rather than to set goals for renewable energy.
如巴黎协定要求的那样,国家致力于减少排放量,而不是订立可再生能源的目标,这样更好。
Global emissions have stabilised in the past three years, which is encouraging.
在过去的三年里全球排放量已经稳定了,这是鼓舞人心的。
But to stand a chance of mitigating global warming, they must start falling sharply and keep doing so for decades.
但是为了有机会减轻全球变暖,它们必须开始急剧减少,并且这样保持几十年。
The world will move in that direction with the help of wind and solar.
这个世界会在风能和太阳能的帮助下朝着那个方向前进。
It will not get there without big advances on every other front as well.
没有其他各个方面的巨大进步,它也不会到达。
译文来源考研英语时事阅读
重点单词   查看全部解释    
erratic [i'rætik]
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adj. 无确定路线,不稳定的,奇怪的,游走的,移动的;
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minuscule ['minəskju:l]
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n. 小写字 adj. 小写字的,很小的
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efficiency [i'fiʃənsi]
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n. 效率,功率
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capture ['kæptʃə]
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vt. 捕获,俘获,夺取,占领,迷住,(用照片等)留存<
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priority [prai'ɔriti]
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n. 优先权,优先顺序,优先
 
separate ['sepəreit]
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n. 分开,抽印本
adj. 分开的,各自的,
 
planet ['plænit]
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n. 行星
 
announced [ə'naunst]
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宣布的
 
global ['gləubəl]
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adj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
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encourage [in'kʌridʒ]
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vt. 鼓励,促进,支持
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