手机APP下载

您现在的位置: ms196明仕亚洲 > 英语听力 > 国外媒体资讯 > 经济学人双语版 > 经济学人综合 > 正文

经济学人:削减预算 十便士的规划(1)

来源:经济学人 编辑:clover   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
United States
美国
The Budget: Ten-penny plan
削减预算:十便士的规划
The White House proposes eye watering budget cuts
白宫提出了眼泪汪汪的预算缩减
During his campaign for the White House, Donald Trump touted a “penny plan” for government spending.
唐纳德·特朗普在竞选中的美国总统时,吹捧对于政府开支实行“便士”计划。
This meant cutting the part of the budget that funds day-to-day operations—ie, excluding Social Security, health care, debt interest or defence—by 1% a year.
这意味着削减维持日常运营的预算,也就是社会保障,医疗保健,债务利息或国防等,每年1%。
Critics said such cuts were unachievable.
批评者说,这些削减是无法实现的。
白宫预算缩减1.jpgDepartment budgets are already beneath their historical average as a share of the economy.
部门预算作为经济的一部分已经低于其历史平均水平。
They would have to shrink by nearly a third over a decade, after accounting for inflation, to satisfy the penny plan.
他们将不得不在经通胀因素调整后,用十多年来将预算紧缩近三分之一,以满足“便士计划”。
That has not deterred Mr Trump.
这并不能够阻挡特朗普先生。
On February 27th the White House announced its headline budget numbers, ahead of a more detailed plan due to appear soon.
2月27日,白宫公布了其整体预算数字,先于一项即将出现的更具体的规划。
In his first year in office, Mr Trump is proposing to cut so-called “non-defence discretionary” spending not by 1%, but by more than 10%, relative to current law.
在特朗普先生就职的第一年,他提议缩减所谓的非国防开支数额,不是现行法律规定的1%,而是超过了10%。
The $54bn (0.3% of GDP) this would free up would flow to the defence budget.
这项540亿美元(国内生产总值的0.3%)的缩减将流向国防预算。
Cue incredulity. The part of the budget Mr Trump would cut, which funds things like education, housing and national parks, has already fallen by over 10% in real terms since 2010.
令人难以接受的是,川普削减的开支部分涵盖教育,住房,国家公园,这几部分的预算自2010年起,下调幅度已经超过了10%。
Strict spending limits in the Budget Control Act of 2011, sometimes called the “sequester”, caused the dive.
在2011年的预算控制法案中对预算开支进行了严格的限制,有时也称为“缩减”,造成了骤降。
译文来源考研英语时事阅读
重点单词   查看全部解释    
sequester [si'kwestə]
想一想再看
vt. 使 ... 隔绝,隐退 vt. 扣押
联想记忆
strict [strikt]
想一想再看
adj. 严格的,精确的,完全的
 
security [si'kju:riti]
想一想再看
n. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
 
detailed [di'teild]
想一想再看
adj. 详细的
 
campaign [kæm'pein]
想一想再看
n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运
联想记忆
decade ['dekeid]
想一想再看
n. 十年
联想记忆
announced [ə'naunst]
想一想再看
宣布的
 
control [kən'trəul]
想一想再看
n. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置
vt. 控制
 
current ['kʌrənt]
想一想再看
n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的
联想记忆
cue [kju:]
想一想再看
n. 暗示,提示,信号
vt. 给 ... 提
 
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。