手机APP下载

您现在的位置: ms196明仕亚洲 > 英语听力 > 双语有声读物 > 万物简史 > 正文

万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第164期:爱因斯坦的宇宙(7)

来源:可可英语 编辑:villa   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
Michelson talked Alexander Graham Bell, newly enriched inventor of the telephone, into providing the funds to build an ingenious and sensitive instrument of Michelson's own devising called an interferometer, which could measure the velocity of light with great precision.
迈克尔逊说服电话的发明者、刚刚发了财的亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔提供资金,制造了一台迈克尔逊自己设计的巧妙而灵敏的仪器,名叫干涉仪,用来非常精确地测定光的速度。
Then, assisted by the genial but shadowy Morley, Michelson embarked on years of fastidious measurements. The work was delicate and exhausting, and had to be suspended for a time to permit Michelson a brief but comprehensive nervous breakdown, but by 1887 they had their results. They were not at all what the two scientists had expected to find.
接着,在和蔼而又神秘的莫雷的协助下,迈克尔逊进行了几年的精心测量。这是一件非常细致而又很花力气的活儿,迈克尔逊的精神一下子完全垮了,工作不得不中断了一段时间。但是,到1887年,他们有了结果。而且,这个结果完全出乎这两位科学家的意料。
物理学As Caltech astrophysicist Kip S. Thorne has written: "The speed of light turned out to be the same in all directions and at all seasons."It was the first hint in two hundred years—in exactly two hundred years, in fact—that Newton’s laws might not apply all the time everywhere. The Michelson-Morley outcome became, in the words of William H. Cropper, "probably the most famous negative result in the history of physics." Michelson was awarded Nobel Prize in physics for the work—the first American so honored—but not for twenty years. Meanwhile, the Michelson-Morley experiments would hover unpleasantly, like a musty smell, in the background of scientific thought.
加州理工大学天体物理学家基普·S.索恩写道:“结果证明,光的速度在各个方向、各个季节都是一样的。”这是200年来——实际上恰好是200年——出现的第一个迹象,说明牛顿定律也许不是在任何时候、任何地方都适用的。用威廉·H.克罗珀的话来说,迈克尔逊-莫雷结果成为“很可能是物理学史上最负面的结果”。为此,迈克尔逊获得了诺贝尔物理学奖——从而成为获此殊荣的第一位美国人——但要过20年之后。与此同时,迈克尔逊-莫雷实验像一股霉味那样令人不快地浮动在科学家的脑海深处。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
precision [pri'siʒən]
想一想再看
n. 精确,精密度
adj. 以精准的执行而著
 
suspended
想一想再看
adj. 悬浮的;暂停的,缓期的(宣判)
 
delicate ['delikit]
想一想再看
n. 精美的东西
adj. 精美的,微妙的,美
 
hover ['hʌvə]
想一想再看
vi. 盘旋,翱翔,徘徊
n. 盘旋,翱翔,徘
 
outcome ['autkʌm]
想一想再看
n. 结果,后果
 
fastidious [fæs'tidiəs]
想一想再看
adj. 难取悦的,挑剔的,苛求的 =particula
联想记忆
ingenious [in'dʒi:njəs]
想一想再看
adj. 机灵的,精制的,有独创性的
联想记忆
velocity [vi'lɔsiti]
想一想再看
n. 速度,速率,迅速
 
funds
想一想再看
n. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金
 
genial ['dʒi:njəl]
想一想再看
adj. 和蔼的,亲切的,宜人的
联想记忆
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。