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万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第136期:基本物质(8)

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In 1793, the Reign of Terror, already intense, ratcheted up to a higher gear. In October Marie Antoinette was sent to the guillotine. The following month, as Lavoisier and his wife were making tardy plans to slip away to Scotland, Lavoisier was arrested.
1793年,已经很紧张的“恐怖统治”达到了一个新的高度。10月,玛丽·安托瓦妮特被送上断头台。11月,正当拉瓦锡和他的妻子在拖拖拉拉地制订计划准备逃往苏格兰的时候,他被捕了。
In May he and thirty-one fellow farmers-general were brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal (in a courtroom presided over by a bust of Marat). Eight were granted acquittals, but Lavoisier and the others were taken directly to the Place de la Revolution (now the Place de la Concorde), site of the busiest of French guillotines. Lavoisier watched his father-in-law beheaded, then stepped up and accepted his fate. Less than three months later, on July 27, Robespierre himself was dispatched in the same way and in the same place, and the Reign of Terror swiftly ended.
次年5月,他和31名税务总公司的同事一起被送上了革命法庭(在一个放着马拉半身像的审判室里)。其中8人被无罪释放,但拉瓦锡和其他几人被直接带到革命广场(现在的协和广场),也就是设置法国那个最忙碌的断头台的地方。拉瓦锡望着他的岳父脑袋落地,然后走上前去接受同样的命运。不到3个月,7月27日,罗伯斯庇尔被以同样的方式、在同一地点送上了西天。恐怖统治很快结束了。
万物简史.jpgA hundred years after his death, a statue of Lavoisier was erected in Paris and much admired until someone pointed out that it looked nothing like him. Under questioning the sculptor admitted that he had used the head of the mathematician and philosopher the Marquis de Condorcet—apparently he had a spare—in the hope that no one would notice or, having noticed, would care. In the second regard he was correct. The statue of Lavoisier-cum-Condorcet was allowed to remain in place for another half century until the Second World War when, one morning, it was taken away and melted down for scrap.
他去世100年以后,一座拉瓦锡的雕像在巴黎落成,受到很多人的瞻仰,直到有人指出它看上去根本不像他。在盘问之下,雕刻师承认,他用了数学家和哲学家孔多塞的头像——他显然备了一个——希望谁也不会注意到,或者即使注意到也不会在乎。他的后一种想法是正确的。拉瓦锡兼孔多塞的雕像被准许留在原地,又留了半个世纪,直到第二次世界大战爆发。一天早晨,有人把它取走,当做废铁熔化了。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
scrap [skræp]
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n. 碎片,废品
vt. 舍弃,报废
联想记忆
bust [bʌst]
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n. 半身像,胸部,萧条,破产 v. 打碎
联想记忆
courtroom ['kɔ:tru:m]
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n. 法庭,审判室
 
spare [spɛə]
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adj. 多余的,闲置的,备用的,简陋的
v.
 
intense [in'tens]
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adj. 强烈的,剧烈的,热烈的
联想记忆
questioning ['kwestʃəniŋ]
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n. 质问 v. 询问,审问(question的现在分词
 
revolutionary [.revə'lu:ʃənəri]
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adj. 革命的
n. 革命者
 
statue ['stætju:]
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n. 塑像,雕像
联想记忆
guillotine [.gilə'ti:n]
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n. 断头台
联想记忆
melted [meltid]
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adj. 融化的;溶解的 v. 融化;溶解(melt的过
 
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