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万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第115期:势不两立的科学(12)

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Mantell prepared a paper for delivery to the Royal Society. Unfortunately it emerged that another dinosaur had been found at a quarry in Oxfordshire and had just been formally described—by the Reverend Buckland, the very man who had urged him not to work in haste. It was the Megalosaurus, and the name was actually suggested to Buckland by his friend Dr. James Parkinson, the would-be radical and eponym for Parkinson's disease. Buckland, it may be recalled, was foremost a geologist, and he showed it with his work on Megalosaurus.
曼特尔写了一篇论文,准备递交给英国皇家学会。不幸的是,恰好又有一块恐龙骨头在牛津郡的一处采石场被发现,而且刚刚有人作过正式描述——这个人不是别人,就是敦促曼特尔不要仓促行事的巴克兰牧师。它被取名为斑龙。这个名字其实是他的朋友詹姆斯·帕金森博士——那位未来的激进分子、帕金森综合征的鼻祖——向巴克兰建议的。大家也许记得,帕金森最初是个地质学家,他对斑龙的研究显示了他在这方面的成就。
地质学家.jpgIn his report, for the Transactions of the Geological Society of London, he noted that the creature's teeth were not attached directly to the jawbone as in lizards but placed in sockets in the manner of crocodiles. But having noticed this much, Buckland failed to realize what it meant: Megalosaurus was an entirely new type of creature.
在为《伦敦地质学会学报》写的报告中,他注意到,那种动物的牙齿不像蜥蜴那样直接连着颌骨,而像鳄鱼那样长在牙槽里。不过,巴克兰就注意到这么多,没有认识到它的意义,即斑龙完全是一种新发现的动物。
So although his report demonstrated little acuity or insight, it was still the first published description of a dinosaur, and so to him rather than the far more deserving Mantell goes the credit for the discovery of this ancient line of beings.
不过,尽管他的报告缺少敏锐的目光和深刻的见解,它仍是发表过的描述斑龙的第一篇文章。因此,人们把发现这种古代动物的功劳归给了巴克兰,而不是更有资格的曼特尔。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
acuity [ə'kju:əti]
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n. 敏锐;尖锐;剧烈
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radical ['rædikəl]
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adj. 激进的,基本的,彻底的
n. 激进分
 
insight ['insait]
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n. 洞察力
联想记忆
credit ['kredit]
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n. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方
联想记忆
description [di'skripʃən]
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n. 描写,描述,说明书,作图,类型
联想记忆
haste [heist]
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n. 急速,急忙
v. 匆忙,赶快
 
quarry ['kwɔri]
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n. 采石场,猎获物,出处,被追逐的目标 v. 挖出,苦
联想记忆
delivery [di'livəri]
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n. 递送,交付,分娩
 
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